In these cases, it should be wrapped with electrical tape to mark it as hot. The ground wires will be green and/or bare copper. The ground should be spliced with a short piece of wire and connected to each device and outlet box that has a grounding terminal. In these drawing the brass colored terminal represent the hot side of the device and the silver colored terminal represent the neutral. Ground wires and terminals are in green.
To wire a 3-way switch circuit that controls both the fan and the light, use this diagram. As with all 3-way circuits, the common on one switch is connected to the hot source wire from the circuit. The common on the second 3-way switch is connected to the hot wires on the fan/light.
This is the updated wiring for this arrangement, with a 2-wire cable added between the fan/light and switches. The white wire is no longer used for hot and the source neutral is run through to the switch box to satisfy the 2011 NEC requirement of a neutral wire in all switch boxes. All other wiring is the same as above.
This page contains wiring diagrams for a ground fault circuit interrupter (gfci) with a built in switch. This device can be used to protect a garbage disposal and provide a gfci protected receptacle in a single gang outlet box. The switch can be included in the protected circuit or it can be used to control an unprotected light or other fixture.