Here the exhaust fan is controlled by a timer instead of a switch. There should be two hot wires and a ground coming out of the timer casing, splice one of these to the hot source. Spice the second to the black, cable wire running to the fan. Splice the source neutral to the white cable wire and the ground to the ground wires. At the fan splice the wires, matching the colors of each.
In this wiring, a switch and receptacle are in the same box and the switch controls the power to the outlet. The hot wire connects to the bottom terminal on the switch and the top output goes to the receptacle hot terminal. The neutral wire from the source connects directly to the receptacle neutral.
This page contains wiring diagrams for a ground fault circuit interrupter (gfci) with a built in switch. This device can be used to protect a garbage disposal and provide a gfci protected receptacle in a single gang outlet box. The switch can be included in the protected circuit or it can be used to control an unprotected light or other fixture.
Here 3-wire cable is run from a double-pole circuit breaker and split to supply 120 volts to two sets of receptacles. The neutral wire from the circuit is shared by both. This wiring is commonly used in a 20amp kitchen circuit where two appliance feeds are needed, such as for a refrigerator and a microwave in the same location.