In this wiring, the source is at the switch and 3-wire cable runs from there to the fan/light. The switch controls the light and the source is spliced through to the fan. With this arrangement, the fan is controlled by a pull-chain on the motor housing and the light is controlled with the switch. The neutral and ground wires are also spliced through to the fan/light.
Here one ground fault circuit interrupter protects multiple duplex receptacles coming after it, known as multiple-location protection. Two-wire cable runs from the gfci to all the following receptacles. The line terminals on the gfci are connected to the circuit source and the load terminals are connected with a pigtail splice to each of the following receptacles. This keeps each duplex connected directly to the gfci.
This diagram illustrates the wiring for a Cooper gfci/switch combo device wired to protect a garbage disposal. With this arrangement a receptacle, switch and disposal are protected with the ground fault breaker built into the device.
Here the source is at the fan/light and a switch loop runs to the wall switch. The source is wired directly to the fan and spliced through to the switch. With this arrangement the light is controlled with the switch and the fan is hardwired for pull-chain control.