In this arrangement with 2 switches in one box, the bottom terminals are connected to pigtails spliced to the source. The top switch terminals connect to the black wires running to the light fixtures. The source neutral and ground wires are spliced to run to each light box.
This diagram illustrates the wiring for a circuit with gfci receptacles followed by a light and switch. By connecting the switch to the load terminals on the gfci, the light is protected against ground faults as well.
This diagram shows the wiring for multiple receptacles in an arrangement that connects each individually to the source. All wires are spliced to a pigtail which is connected to each device. This wiring allows for voltage at each device independent of the other outlets in the circuit.
This wiring diagram illustrates the connections for dual controls, a speed controller for the fan and a dimmer for the lights. The source is at the controllers and the input of each is spliced to the black source wire with a pigtail. From the controllers, 3-wire cable runs to the ceiling outlet box.