In this diagram, a light switch and receptacle are wired in the same box. Both devices are spliced to the same hot source and the neutral to the neutral on the receptacle, and through to the light fixture located in a separate box.
In this arrangement with 2 switches in one box, the bottom terminals are connected to pigtails spliced to the source. The top switch terminals connect to the black wires running to the light fixtures. The source neutral and ground wires are spliced to run to each light box.
In this diagram, two receptacle outlets are wired in the same box with a separate 120 volt source feeding each. Three-wire cable runs into the box. The black and red wires are hot and each is connected to one of the receptacles. The white, neutral wire is splice to each outlet so they share the return path. This is appropriate for standard duplex receptacles, but should not be used for GFCI receptacles. GFCI’s must have dedicated neutral connections to work properly.
Run the cable through the clamp and tighten it down. Splice the cable wires to the fan wires using a pigtail splice and a wire nut. Connect the ground to the grounding terminal in the connection box and the ground wire from the fan, if there is one.