This wiring arrangement allows for lowering the lights with a dimmer and controlling the fan with the builtin pull chain. The source is at the ceiling outlet box and 3-wire cable runs from there to the switch box. The neutral from the source is spliced directly to the white wire on the fan kit and the cable, running it through to the switch box.
This page contains wiring diagrams for a ground fault circuit interrupter (gfci) with a built in switch. This device can be used to protect a garbage disposal and provide a gfci protected receptacle in a single gang outlet box. The switch can be included in the protected circuit or it can be used to control an unprotected light or other fixture.
To wire an exhaust fan to a wall switch, use this diagram. These fans usually come with a small electrical connection box welded to the side of the housing. There will be a cover on the connection box that fastens with a small screw. Open it, pop the plug out of one of the wire holes and thread a wire clamp into it.
In this diagram, a light switch and receptacle are wired in the same box. Both devices are spliced to the same hot source and the neutral to the neutral on the receptacle, and through to the light fixture located in a separate box.