The black cable wire is connected to the top terminal on the switch and spliced to the black and blue wires at the fan at the other end. The neutral source and ground are spliced through to the white and ground connections at the fan.
This diagram illustrates the wiring for a circuit with gfci receptacles followed by a light and switch. By connecting the switch to the load terminals on the gfci, the light is protected against ground faults as well.
In this wiring, a switch and receptacle are in the same box and the switch controls the power to the outlet. The hot wire connects to the bottom terminal on the switch and the top output goes to the receptacle hot terminal. The neutral wire from the source connects directly to the receptacle neutral.
This diagram shows the wiring for multiple receptacles in an arrangement that connects each individually to the source. All wires are spliced to a pigtail which is connected to each device. This wiring allows for voltage at each device independent of the other outlets in the circuit.