The white wire is wrapped with black tape to identify it as hot. The black wire connects the fan to the speed controller. The red wire connects the light to the dimmer.
This gfci wiring provides protection to a duplex receptacle. By connecting the load terminals on the last gfci, the receptacle is protected and can be used just as if it were one of the gfci receptacles. One ground fault circuit interrupter at the beginning of the circuit can be used in the same way to protect multiple, subsequent receptacles as illustrated in the diagram below.
This wiring diagram illustrates the connections for dual controls, a speed controller for the fan and a dimmer for the lights. The source is at the controllers and the input of each is spliced to the black source wire with a pigtail. From the controllers, 3-wire cable runs to the ceiling outlet box.
The black wire is splice to the output on the speed controller and to the black, fan wire at the other end. The red wire is spliced to the output on the dimmer and to the blue, light wire at the other end. The neutral from the source is spliced in the switch box with the white wire, and to the neutral wire on the ceiling fixture at the other end.
This diagram illustrates wiring a GFCI receptacle and light switch in the same outlet box, a common arrangement in a bathroom with limited space. The hot source is spliced to the LINE terminal on the receptacle and to the bottom terminal on the light switch. The neutral and ground wires are spliced together and run to each device in the circuit.
This diagram illustrates a switch and receptacle in the same outlet box located in the middle of the circuit. This wiring allows the electricity to continue from the receptacle, on to any other outlets in the circuit and it provides a switch to control a light fixture or other load, such as another receptacle or a fan.
This diagram illustrates the wiring for a circuit with gfci receptacles followed by a light and switch. By connecting the switch to the load terminals on the gfci, the light is protected against ground faults as well.
To wire an exhaust fan to a wall switch, use this diagram. These fans usually come with a small electrical connection box welded to the side of the housing. There will be a cover on the connection box that fastens with a small screw. Open it, pop the plug out of one of the wire holes and thread a wire clamp into it.