Here a gfci receptacle is added at the end of a row of duplex receptacles for single-location protection. The first outlet is connected to the source and 2-wire cable runs from box to box. All wires are spliced with a pigtail at the devices to pass current from one to the next. The load terminals on the gfci are not used and it does not protect the other receptacles in the circuit.
In this wiring, a switch and receptacle are in the same box and the switch controls the power to the outlet. The hot wire connects to the bottom terminal on the switch and the top output goes to the receptacle hot terminal. The neutral wire from the source connects directly to the receptacle neutral.
This page contains wiring diagrams for ground fault circuit interrupter (gfci) receptacles. Included are diagrams for multiple gfci’s, a protected standard duplex receptacle, and a protected light fixture. Wiring for a switch and gfci receptacle in the same box is also shown to protect the switch and light or to protect other receptacles in the circuit. To wire a gfci circuit breaker see this link and wire a gfci switch combo at this link.
The source hot is spliced to the red wire which is connected to the bottom terminals on the switch at the other end. The black wire is connected to the top terminal on the switch which runs power back to the fan where it is spliced to both the black and blue fan wires.