Here GFCI’s are wired to a double-pole circuit breaker with the source split to provide 120 volts to two sets of receptacles. The neutral from the source is shared by both sets. Single-location protection is provided by each receptacle.
Here two receptacles in one box are wired using the device terminals. With this arrangement, if receptacle #1 fails, receptacle #2 may also fail if failure is due to physical damage. However, if the copper tab conductors between the terminals remain intact, even if #1 stops functioning, receptacle #2 will probably still work.
The hot wire to the fan in a fan/light kit will usually be black and the light wire will be blue. The white wire is usually the neutral which is always connected directly to the source neutral, either at the source or through a splice in the switch box. The white wire may also be used to carry current when necessary.
Use this wiring when the power source originates at the switch and you want to control both the fan and light from there. The hot source is connected directly to the bottom terminal on the switch. Two-wire cable runs from there to the ceiling fan.
This diagram is similar to the one above, but with the electrical source originating at the fixture. Three-wire cable runs from there to the controllers. The neutral wire from the source is spliced directly to the white wire on the fan/light. The hot source wire is spliced to the white on the 3-wire cable and then spliced to the input wires on both controllers at the other end.
This diagram shows two switches in the same box with two separate 120 volt sources. Three-wire cable is supplying the source for both switches with the black and red wires going to the bottom switch terminals. The black wire from each light is connected to the top terminal of their respective switch. The white and ground wires are spliced to run to each light fixture.
This diagram illustrates wiring a GFCI receptacle and light switch in the same outlet box, a common arrangement in a bathroom with limited space. The hot source is spliced to the LINE terminal on the receptacle and to the bottom terminal on the light switch. The neutral and ground wires are spliced together and run to each device in the circuit.
In this diagram, two receptacle outlets are wired in the same box with a separate 120 volt source feeding each. Three-wire cable runs into the box. The black and red wires are hot and each is connected to one of the receptacles. The white, neutral wire is splice to each outlet so they share the return path. This is appropriate for standard duplex receptacles, but should not be used for GFCI receptacles. GFCI’s must have dedicated neutral connections to work properly.
This diagram shows the wiring for multiple receptacles in an arrangement that connects each individually to the source. All wires are spliced to a pigtail which is connected to each device. This wiring allows for voltage at each device independent of the other outlets in the circuit.
This page contains wiring diagrams for ground fault circuit interrupter (gfci) receptacles. Included are diagrams for multiple gfci’s, a protected standard duplex receptacle, and a protected light fixture. Wiring for a switch and gfci receptacle in the same box is also shown to protect the switch and light or to protect other receptacles in the circuit. To wire a gfci circuit breaker see this link and wire a gfci switch combo at this link.
The black cable wire is connected to the top terminal on the switch and spliced to the black and blue wires at the fan at the other end. The neutral source and ground are spliced through to the white and ground connections at the fan.
This diagram illustrates the wiring for multiple ground fault circuit interrupter receptacles with an unprotected duplex receptacle at the end of the circuit. The load terminals on the gfci are not used and the last receptacle is wired directly to the circuit source.
Splice both the fan and the light hot wires together with the common wire from the SW2. The traveler wires are spliced together in the ceiling fixture box. To control the fan and light separately, a builtin switch such as a pull chain or remote control is required on the fan/light.
To wire an exhaust fan to a wall switch, use this diagram. These fans usually come with a small electrical connection box welded to the side of the housing. There will be a cover on the connection box that fastens with a small screw. Open it, pop the plug out of one of the wire holes and thread a wire clamp into it.