This gfci wiring provides protection to a duplex receptacle. By connecting the load terminals on the last gfci, the receptacle is protected and can be used just as if it were one of the gfci receptacles. One ground fault circuit interrupter at the beginning of the circuit can be used in the same way to protect multiple, subsequent receptacles as illustrated in the diagram below.
In this arrangement with 2 switches in one box, the bottom terminals are connected to pigtails spliced to the source. The top switch terminals connect to the black wires running to the light fixtures. The source neutral and ground wires are spliced to run to each light box.
The black cable wire is connected to the top terminal on the switch and spliced to the black and blue wires at the fan at the other end. The neutral source and ground are spliced through to the white and ground connections at the fan.
The source hot is spliced to the red wire which is connected to the bottom terminals on the switch at the other end. The black wire is connected to the top terminal on the switch which runs power back to the fan where it is spliced to both the black and blue fan wires.