In this wiring, the source is at the switch and 3-wire cable runs from there to the fan/light. The switch controls the light and the source is spliced through to the fan. With this arrangement, the fan is controlled by a pull-chain on the motor housing and the light is controlled with the switch. The neutral and ground wires are also spliced through to the fan/light.
Here one ground fault circuit interrupter protects multiple duplex receptacles coming after it, known as multiple-location protection. Two-wire cable runs from the gfci to all the following receptacles. The line terminals on the gfci are connected to the circuit source and the load terminals are connected with a pigtail splice to each of the following receptacles. This keeps each duplex connected directly to the gfci.
Here GFCI’s are wired to a double-pole circuit breaker with the source split to provide 120 volts to two sets of receptacles. The neutral from the source is shared by both sets. Single-location protection is provided by each receptacle.
In this wiring, a switch and receptacle are in the same box and the switch controls the power to the outlet. The hot wire connects to the bottom terminal on the switch and the top output goes to the receptacle hot terminal. The neutral wire from the source connects directly to the receptacle neutral.