This wiring arrangement allows for lowering the lights with a dimmer and controlling the fan with the builtin pull chain. The source is at the ceiling outlet box and 3-wire cable runs from there to the switch box. The neutral from the source is spliced directly to the white wire on the fan kit and the cable, running it through to the switch box.
Here two receptacles in one box are wired using the device terminals. With this arrangement, if receptacle #1 fails, receptacle #2 may also fail if failure is due to physical damage. However, if the copper tab conductors between the terminals remain intact, even if #1 stops functioning, receptacle #2 will probably still work.
In this wiring, the source is at the switch and 3-wire cable runs from there to the fan/light. The switch controls the light and the source is spliced through to the fan. With this arrangement, the fan is controlled by a pull-chain on the motor housing and the light is controlled with the switch. The neutral and ground wires are also spliced through to the fan/light.
Here a gfci receptacle is added at the end of a row of duplex receptacles for single-location protection. The first outlet is connected to the source and 2-wire cable runs from box to box. All wires are spliced with a pigtail at the devices to pass current from one to the next. The load terminals on the gfci are not used and it does not protect the other receptacles in the circuit.