The white wire is wrapped with black tape to identify it as hot. The black wire connects the fan to the speed controller. The red wire connects the light to the dimmer.
To wire an exhaust fan to a wall switch, use this diagram. These fans usually come with a small electrical connection box welded to the side of the housing. There will be a cover on the connection box that fastens with a small screw. Open it, pop the plug out of one of the wire holes and thread a wire clamp into it.
This page contains several diagrams for 2 or more receptacle outlets in one circuit. Wiring for multiple ground fault circuit interrupters (gfci) and standard duplex receptacles are included with protected and non-protected arrangements.
This diagram illustrates the wiring for a circuit with gfci receptacles followed by a light and switch. By connecting the switch to the load terminals on the gfci, the light is protected against ground faults as well.