The black wire is splice to the output on the speed controller and to the black, fan wire at the other end. The red wire is spliced to the output on the dimmer and to the blue, light wire at the other end. The neutral from the source is spliced in the switch box with the white wire, and to the neutral wire on the ceiling fixture at the other end.
Here the exhaust fan is controlled by a timer instead of a switch. There should be two hot wires and a ground coming out of the timer casing, splice one of these to the hot source. Spice the second to the black, cable wire running to the fan. Splice the source neutral to the white cable wire and the ground to the ground wires. At the fan splice the wires, matching the colors of each.
In this diagram, two receptacle outlets are wired in the same box with a separate 120 volt source feeding each. Three-wire cable runs into the box. The black and red wires are hot and each is connected to one of the receptacles. The white, neutral wire is splice to each outlet so they share the return path. This is appropriate for standard duplex receptacles, but should not be used for GFCI receptacles. GFCI’s must have dedicated neutral connections to work properly.
In this diagram wall outlets are wired in a row using the terminal screws to pass voltage from one receptacle to the next. In this diagram, multiple receptacles are connected together using the device, instead of a pigtail splice as shown in the next diagram. Using this method, any break or malfunction at one outlet will likely cause all outlets that follow to fail as well.
The white wire is wrapped with black tape to identify it as hot. The black wire connects the fan to the speed controller. The red wire connects the light to the dimmer.
In this diagram multiple ground fault circuit interrupter receptacles are wired together using pigtails. Two-conductor cable is run between gfci’s, and the hot, neutral and ground wires from the source are spliced to the line terminals at each device. The load terminals are not used and each device provides its own, single-location protection.
This diagram illustrates wiring a GFCI receptacle and light switch in the same outlet box, a common arrangement in a bathroom with limited space. The hot source is spliced to the LINE terminal on the receptacle and to the bottom terminal on the light switch. The neutral and ground wires are spliced together and run to each device in the circuit.
The hot wire to the fan in a fan/light kit will usually be black and the light wire will be blue. The white wire is usually the neutral which is always connected directly to the source neutral, either at the source or through a splice in the switch box. The white wire may also be used to carry current when necessary.