In these cases, it should be wrapped with electrical tape to mark it as hot. The ground wires will be green and/or bare copper. The ground should be spliced with a short piece of wire and connected to each device and outlet box that has a grounding terminal. In these drawing the brass colored terminal represent the hot side of the device and the silver colored terminal represent the neutral. Ground wires and terminals are in green.
The black cable wire is connected to the top terminal on the switch and spliced to the black and blue wires at the fan at the other end. The neutral source and ground are spliced through to the white and ground connections at the fan.
In this arrangement with 2 switches in one box, the bottom terminals are connected to pigtails spliced to the source. The top switch terminals connect to the black wires running to the light fixtures. The source neutral and ground wires are spliced to run to each light box.
To wire a 3-way switch circuit that controls both the fan and the light, use this diagram. As with all 3-way circuits, the common on one switch is connected to the hot source wire from the circuit. The common on the second 3-way switch is connected to the hot wires on the fan/light.